Did You Know?

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote 23 original concertos for piano and orchestra.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote 23 original concertos for piano and orchestra.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote 23 original concertos for piano and orchestra. These works, many of which Mozart composed for himself to play in the Vienna concert series of 1784–86, held special importance for him.

For a long time relatively neglected, they are recognised as among his greatest achievements. They were championed by Donald Francis Tovey in his Essay on the Classical Concerto in 1903, and later by Cuthbert Girdlestone and Arthur Hutchings in 1940 (originally published in French) and 1948, respectively. Hans Tischler published a structural and thematic analysis of the concertos in 1966, followed by the works by Charles Rosen, and Daniel N. Leeson and Robert Levin.

The first complete edition in print was not until that of Richault from around 1850; since then the scores and autographs have become widely available.

List of concertos

Concerto No. 7 is for three (or two) pianos and orchestra, and No. 10 is for two pianos and orchestra, leaving 21 original concertos for one piano and orchestra.
  • No. 5 in D major, K. 175 (December 1773)
  • No. 6 in B major, K. 238 (January 1776)
  • No. 7 in F major, K. 242 for three pianos (February 1776)
  • No. 8 in C major, K. 246 (April 1776)
  • No. 9 in E major, K. 271 (January 1777)
  • No. 10 in E major, K. 365/316a for two pianos (1779)
  • No. 11 in F major, K. 413/387a (1782–1783)
  • No. 12 in A major, K. 414/385p (1782)
  • No. 13 in C major, K. 415/387b (1782–1783)
  • No. 14 in E major, K. 449 (9 February 1784)
  • No. 15 in B major, K. 450 (15 March 1784)
  • No. 16 in D major, K. 451 (22 March 1784)
  • No. 17 in G major, K. 453 (12 April 1784)
  • No. 18 in B major, K. 456 (30 September 1784)
  • No. 19 in F major, K. 459 (11 December 1784)
  • No. 20 in D minor, K. 466 (10 February 1785)
  • No. 21 in C major, K. 467 (9 March 1785)
  • No. 22 in E major, K. 482 (16 December 1785)
  • No. 23 in A major, K. 488 (2 March 1786)
  • No. 24 in C minor, K. 491 (24 March 1786)
  • No. 25 in C major, K. 503 (4 December 1786)
  • No. 26 in D major, K. 537 (24 February 1788)
  • No. 27 in B major, K. 595 (5 January 1791)

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